Hover Travel and you may Bee Travel Species Range

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Hover Travel and you may Bee Travel Species Range

Bee Types Diversity

Regarding 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was basically stuck during the Calanques Federal Playground through one another web and you can pan trap selections. They belonged to help you half dozen group and 38 genera. Megachilidae try the absolute most species-rich friends, followed closely by Apidae and you will Halictidae, having 53, forty two, and 43 kinds, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 are the brand new richest genus, that have 33 species, whereas 7 genera was indeed illustrated because of the just one species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table 1 [on the web simply] ). Utilizing the jackknife 1 and you will dos spiders, the complete bee kinds fullness try estimated to be anywhere between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The latest seen fullness therefore portrayed 71.3 so you can 79.6% of your estimated bee richness ( Table 2). The new Chao1 approach projected brand new seen fullness are 76.8% of the possible limitation fullness ( Desk 2). Probably the most plentiful types are Apis mellifera L. (276 anyone), accompanied by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 individuals, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some one). Fundamentally, 50 variety (26%) have been portrayed by just one personal (singletons).

Environmental Faculties regarding Bees

Regarding your environment characteristics of nesting choices, i recognized 59 unmarried bee kinds nesting over floor, ninety-five solitary bee varieties nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic types, add up to 31.eight, 47.9, and you can 12.0% of the overall bee kinds richness, respectively. We thought five societal variety (bumble bees and you may honey bees-2.1%). Fundamentally, the brand new nesting preferences out of 14 variety continue to be unfamiliar (7.3%- Supp Table step one [online just] ). About your floral eating plan regarding bee varieties, we learned that 105 types (54.7%) foraged on the numerous bush kinds (we.e., generalist kinds, polylectic) and you may 51 species (26.5%) foraged on one bush household members otherwise one to/pair bush variety (we.e., specialist variety, oligolectic). Into the kept thirty-six bee species (18.8%), the newest flowery diet wasn’t known (age.g., to have cleptoparasitic kinds). Although not, very generalist varieties displayed a desires for starters or several plant families ( Supp Table step one [on the internet simply] ). Into 44 singletons, fourteen bee variety (28%) was basically professionals, and you will 9 bee varieties (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table 1 [on line simply] ).

An IUCN condition is designed for 178 kinds (leaving out the brand new species buildings and unknown types). Among those, 47 types was in fact classified because analysis lacking (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 varieties was in fact minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six types were near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one kinds are sensed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step 1 [on line simply] ). Around three oligolectic types was basically among the many eight threatened bee variety. An effective. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus was pros to your Fabaceae, D https://datingranking.net/321chat-review/. argentata is an expert to your Caprifoliaceae.

From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been stuck in Calanques Federal Park. They belonged in order to twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [online simply] ). The absolute most plentiful genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 someone), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen some body), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in the Latreille, 1828 (13 individuals), whereas 20 varieties (53%) had been portrayed of the only 1 personal ( Supp Desk dos [on the web just] ). The latest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact depicted by the 20 varieties, also five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step three [online simply] ). The new quote away from full species fullness of hover flies and you can bee flies is anywhere between 83 and you can 97 types using the jackknife 1 and you can dos spiders, respectively. Thus, the fresh new observed richness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of estimated hover fly and you may bee travel richness ( Desk dos).

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